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11/1/2014
70th Anniversary Celebratory Conference, Oxford, UK

11/4/2014
“Popularizing Science: Clerical Engagement with Science during the Age of Enlightenment,” Wheaton,

11/5/2014 » 11/7/2014
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“Theology and Science of Creation,” Madrid, Spain

Episode 11 "The Immortals"
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5/22/2014 at 9:52:03 PM GMT
Posts: 12
@Terry Gray
I think the answer to your question in your 4th paragraph has to do with differential rotation of the spiral arms through a density wave perturbation (there are other models, too ).
See here for a summary: http://www.astronomynotes.com/ismnotes/s8.htm or here http://jila.colorado.edu/~pja/astr3830/lecture18.pdf

This would have been a good talking point for the series as well: what are the dynamics that produce spiral galaxies, and what keeps the spiral arms from completely winding up? Easy to do with computer simulations and graphics - this series just keeps on missing the mark.


Last edited Sunday, May 25, 2014
5/23/2014 at 1:40:43 AM GMT
Posts: 16
Victoria, thanks for the clarification. Just showing off my ignorance of galaxy dynamics.


5/23/2014 at 6:40:51 PM GMT
Posts: 2
@Terry

My impression from the show was that galactic rotation causes some mixing (true) leading to shorter transit times between solar systems than would otherwise occur. The actual time calculation depends critically on what speed the object is traveling and I have no way to estimate this. I would need to know the mass and point of origin of the objects (as well as probably a semesters worth of orbital dynamics). Back of the envelope, it would take Voyager ~4Myr to get to Alpha Centauri. As I am skeptical of interplanetary panspermia, I must admit I'm not paying close attention, but I have never heard (serious) talk of interstellar panspermia.

As to the Late Heavy Bombardment, take a look at:
Llyd's paper proposing reseeding: ICARUS. Mar2003, Vol. 162 Issue 1, p38. 9p.
Oleg and Steve's paper against sterilization: Nature. 5/21/2009, Vol. 459 Issue 7245, p419-422.