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Over the past several years, I have focused on whether or not there was an historical Adam. To aid my study, I developed a Word table of documented views on a historical Adam by 86 scientists, theologians, biblical scholars,and pastors, along with my categorization of their views. The current score is Yes (44), Yes, but not the first human (5), Probably (2), Maybe (5), and No (30).
I have attached the table here as a PDF file in case anyone is interested or would like to proposes additions, corrections, or comments.
Adam is presented in Genesis as the progenitor of Abraham's Nilo-Proto-Saharan ancestors in the R1b haplogroup. These people had a distinctive red skin tone. Jeff A. Benner, an expert on ancient Hebrew, explains:
"We are all familiar with the name "Adam" as found in the book of Genesis, but what does it really mean? Let us begin by looking at its roots. This word/name is a child root derived from the parent דם meaning, "blood". By placing the letter א in front of the parent root, the child rootאדם is formed and is related in meaning to דם (blood).
By examing a few other words derived from the child root אדם we can see a common meaning in them all. The Hebrew word אדמה (adamah) is the feminine form of אדם meaning "ground" (see Genesis 2:7). The word/name אדום (Edom) means "red". Each of these words have the common meaning of "red". Dam is the "red" blood, adamah is the "red" ground, edom is the color "red" and adam is the "red" man. There is one other connection between "adam" and "adamah" as seen in Genesis 2:7 which states that "the adam" was formed out of the "adamah".
In the ancient Hebrew world, a person’s name was not simply an identifier but descriptive of one's character. As Adam was formed out of the ground, his name identifies his origins."
We are told that Adam was formed from the dirt or dust. As this account has an original Nilotic context, we must consider the nature of the soil in the region of the Upper Nile. Here red sediment washed down to the Upper Nile Valley from the Ethiopian highlands left a layer of red clay. These soils have a cambic B horizon. Chromic cambisols have a strong red brown color, the skin tone of Abraham's R1b ancestors.
That said, Adam is also presented in Scripture as the founder of the whole human race, especially in the writings of St. Paul. Paul makes the parallel between Adam, the man through whom sin and death entered and the True Adam - Christ - through whom the tyranny of sin and death is overthrown.
This is a very helpful list. I am currently writing a graduate thesis on Evolution and Original Sin, and this could be a helpful resource for finding the opinions of several scholars at a quick glance. Thank you.